Rapid increase in urbanization and per capita income has significantly led to an increase in municipal solid waste generation in the country. The generation of solid waste is on the rise on account of increase in disposable incomes and economic growth of nations. By 2050, worldwide municipal solid waste generation is expected to have increased by roughly 70 percent to 3.4 billion metric tons. According to 2016 estimates, India generated about 270 million tons of annual municipal solid waste, which was about 13 percent of the global waste. This is projected to increase to 543 million tons in 2050.
Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in turn can lead to pollution of the environment and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease—that is, diseases spread by rodents and insects. With such immense volumes of waste arising, the need for authorities to provide adequate waste treatment and disposal services has become ever more important. Thus it is important to stress that better solid waste management programs are urgently needed to collect, treat and dispose of solid waste generated in an environmentally and socially satisfactory manner using the most economical means available.
Managing waste properly is essential for building sustainable and liveable cities, but it remains a challenge for many developing countries and cities. Effective waste management is expensive, often comprising 20%–50% of municipal budgets. The tasks of solid-waste management present complex technical challenges. They also pose a wide variety of administrative, economic, and social problems that must be managed and solved. Operating this essential municipal service requires integrated systems that are efficient, sustainable, and socially supported. Thus the ICT intervention can help detect blind spots in collection & transportation of solid waste and improve the data quality for better insights into waste streams during operations.
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